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German for Beginners
Lektion 10 - Part 3


Wohin? - Where to?

Fragen und Antworten

LEKTION 10 > Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Exercises

In this section of Lektion 10 we'll look at some more vocabulary and look at some related Fragen und Antworten (questions and answers).

Picking up where we left off—for directions within town—here are some more examples (below). But first, a quick comment about in vs zu. What is the difference between saying Ich gehe ins Kino or Ich gehe zum Kino? - Using ins Kino implies you are going inside (to see a movie), while zum Kino implies you are going to that location (to meet someone out front, etc.).

PLACES TO GO - 2
In der Stadt / In Town
This section is vocabulary for places in town. Both the basic word and the "to" phrase are given for each item. For example, die Bäckerei is the bakery, but if we want to say "to the bakery," it's zur Bäckerei (the short form of zu der Bäckerei).
Some of the phrases below may have more than one way to say "to." We have listed the most common way. Note the following contractions: ins = in das, zum = zu dem, zur = zu der
Englisch Deutsch
bakery - to the bakery die Bäckerei - zur Bäckerei
bank - to the bank die Bank - zur Bank
bar/pub - to the bar/pub die Kneipe - in die Kneipe
butcher
to the butcher
der Fleischer/der Metzger
zum Fleischer/zum Metzger
hotel - to the hotel das Hotel - zum Hotel
market/fleamarket
to the market
der Markt/der Flohmarkt
zum Markt/zum Flohmarkt
cinema - to the movies/cinema das Kino - ins/zum Kino
the post office - to the post office die Post - zur Post
restaurant - to the restaurant das Restaurant - ins/zum Restaurant
   to a/the Chinese restaurant    zum Chinesen
   to an/the Italian restaurant    zum Italiener
   to a/the Greek restaurant    zum Griechen
school - to school die Schule - zur Schule
the shopping center
to the shopping center
das Einkaufszentrum
zum Einkaufszentrum
the traffic light/signal
(up) to the signal
die Ampel
bis zur Ampel
the train station - to the station der Bahnhof - zum Bahnhof
work - to work die Arbeit - zur Arbeit
the youth hostel
to the youth hostel
die Jugendherberge
in die Jugendherberge
ANDERSWO - ELSEWHERE
the lake - to the lake der See - an den See
the sea - to the sea die See/das Meer - ans Meer
the toilet/restroom
to the toilet/restroom
die Toilette/das Klo/das WC
zur Toilette/zum Klo/zum WC

Here are some sample questions and answers related to asking and giving directions.

FRAGEN und ANTWORTEN
Questions and Answers in German and English
In the sentences below, the TO-phrases are in bold type – both in German and English. There is some grammar here that we will ignore until a later lesson. For now, learn the patterns for the various articles (der/die/das) for each gender (masc./fem./neuter). NOTE: The sentences below are answers to the question in red (rot).
   Wohin fahren Sie? / Wohin fährst du?
   Where are you going? (driving/traveling)
Ich fahre morgen an den See.
I'm going to the lake tomorrow.
Ich fahre morgen nach Dresden.
I'm going to Dresden tomorrow.
   Wie komme ich...
   How do I get...
...zur Bank? - Gehen Sie zwei Straßen und dann rechts.
...to the bank? - Go two blocks (streets) and then right.
...zum Hotel? - Fahren Sie diese Straße entlang.
...to the hotel? - Drive down/along this street.
...zur Post? - Gehen Sie bis zur Ampel und dann links.
...to the post office? - Go up to the traffic light and then left.
NOTE: For the items above, if you are walking, you use gehen; if you are driving, you use fahren.
   Extra-Ausdrücke
   Extra Expressions
an der Kirche vorbei past the church
am Kino vorbei past the cinema
rechts/links an der Ampel
right/left at the traffic light
am Marktplatz at the market square
an der Ecke at the corner
die nächste Straße the next street
über die Straße across/over the street
über den Marktplatz across the market square
vor dem Bahnhof
in front of the train station
vor der Kirche
in front of the church

OK, are you ready for some practice? After you've learned the vocabulary here and in Part 1 and Part 2, try our Exercises

NEXT > Exercises (Lek. 10)

LEKTION 10 > Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Exercises

PREVIOUS > Part One (Lek. 10)


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German for Beginners - Contents


Related Pages

How to Say "to" in German
Tips for using the prepositions nach and zu — when to use which for English "to."

Countries Glossary
An annotated English-German glossary of vocabulary related to countries and nationality.

Prepositional Pitfalls
Potential problems and how to avoid them. With quiz.

Tutor Directory
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English-German Glossaries
All of the annotated glossaries on this site - from aerospace to travel.

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All of the grammar resources on this site.


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