The Four German Cases
Präpositionen mit Genitiv
A few German prepositions are governed by the genitive case. That is, they take an object in the genitive case. There are only a few common genitive prepositions* in German, including: (an)statt (instead of), außerhalb/innerhalb (outside/inside of), trotz (in spite of), während (during) and wegen (because of). Notice that most of the time the genitive prepositions can be translated with "of" in English. Even während can be rendered as "in the course of" as well as "during."
* Other genitive prepositions in addition to those listed above include: angesichts (in view of), beiderseits (on both sides of), diesseits (this side of), jenseits (on the other side of), and laut (according to).
The genitive prepositions are often used with the dative in spoken German, particularly in certain regions. If you want to "blend in" and not sound too stuffy, you can use them in the dative also, but purists will want to learn the genitive forms.
In the German-English examples below, the genitive preposition is red. The object of the preposition is blue:
Während der Woche arbeiten wir.
During the week we work.
Trotz des Wetters fahren wir heute nach Hause.
In spite of the weather we're driving home today.
Here is a list of common genitive prepositions. You should memorize them with their meanings.
|trotz||despite, in spite of|
|während||during, in the course of|
|NOTE: The genitive prepositions listed above are often used with the dative in spoken German, particularly in certain regions. Examples:
trotz dem Wetter - in spite of the weather
während der Woche - during the week (same as genitive)
wegen den Kosten - because of the costs
BACK > Genitive Case (Part 1)
German grammar terms explained in plain English.
A Closer Look at the Genitive Case
An article that examines a few important details concerning the genitive case.
Adjective Endings (1)
The German adjective endings in the nominative case.
Adjective Endings (2)
The German adjective endings in the accusative and dative cases.
German Word Order
A helpful guide to German syntax.
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