1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:

http://german.about.com/library/blcase_gen2.htm

was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

The Four German Cases

Genitive Prepositions

Summary | Nominative | Accusative | Dative | Genitive
Werfall | Wenfall | Wemfall | Wesfall
Nominativ | Akkusativ | Dativ | Genitiv

Präpositionen mit Genitiv

ALSO > The Genitive Case (1) and A Closer Look

A few German prepositions are governed by the genitive case. That is, they take an object in the genitive case. There are only a few common genitive prepositions* in German, including: (an)statt (instead of), außerhalb/innerhalb (outside/inside of), trotz (in spite of), während (during) and wegen (because of). Notice that most of the time the genitive prepositions can be translated with "of" in English. Even während can be rendered as "in the course of" as well as "during."

* Other genitive prepositions in addition to those listed above include: angesichts (in view of), beiderseits (on both sides of), diesseits (this side of), jenseits (on the other side of), and laut (according to).

The genitive prepositions are often used with the dative in spoken German, particularly in certain regions. If you want to "blend in" and not sound too stuffy, you can use them in the dative also, but purists will want to learn the genitive forms.

In the German-English examples below, the genitive preposition is red. The object of the preposition is blue:

Während der Woche arbeiten wir.
During the week we work.
Trotz des Wetters fahren wir heute nach Hause.
In spite of the weather we're driving home today.

Here is a list of common genitive prepositions. You should memorize them with their meanings.

Genitive Prepositions
Deutsch Englisch
anstatt
statt
instead of
außerhalb outside of
innerhalb inside of
trotz despite, in spite of
während during, in the course of
wegen because of
NOTE: The genitive prepositions listed above are often used with the dative in spoken German, particularly in certain regions. Examples:
   trotz dem Wetter - in spite of the weather
   während der Woche - during the week (same as genitive)
   wegen den Kosten - because of the costs

BACK > Genitive Case (Part 1)

MORE > Summary | Nominative | Accusative | Dative | Genitive


Related Pages

Grammar Glossary
German grammar terms explained in plain English.

A Closer Look at the Genitive Case
An article that examines a few important details concerning the genitive case.

Adjective Endings (1)
The German adjective endings in the nominative case.

Adjective Endings (2)
The German adjective endings in the accusative and dative cases.

German Word Order
A helpful guide to German syntax.

More German Grammar


German Newsletters
Subscribe to a free newsletter!

You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.