German Grammar Glossary
English and German Grammar Terms
Explained in Plain English
HOW TO USE THIS GLOSSARY: Each grammar term is listed alphabetically in English, along with its German equivalent (often Latin-based) and in some cases the Germanic term. Words in ALL CAPS refer to terms that are also defined in this glossary. Noun gender is indicated by r (der), e (die), or s (das). Most entries have a link to a related lesson or grammar guide.
|German Grammar Glossary
|The DIRECT OBJECT case in German. > German Cases|
|ACTIVE VOICE||s Aktiv
|As opposed to the PASSIVE, the VOICE or form of a verb whose subject is the AGENT or cause of the verb's action. > Passive Voice|
|A word or phrase that modifies or describes a noun. When a German adjective precedes a noun, it must have an ending that agrees in NUMBER, GENDER and CASE. > Adjective Endings|
|A word or phrase that modifies a verb or an adjective, telling how, where, why, or when. > Adverbs of Time|
|AGENT||s Agens||A person or thing (noun) that performs an action or brings about a result.|
|AGREEMENT||e Übereinstimmung||When a word agrees with another in gender, case, person, or some other category. For instance, adjectives must agree with nouns in GENDER and CASE.|
|ANTECEDENT||s Bezugswort||The noun to which a RELATIVE PRONOUN refers in a RELATIVE CLAUSE. > Relative Clauses|
|Placing a word next to or near another word of the same meaning or function.|
|A word (a/an/the) that indicates the GENDER of a NOUN. Articles can be DEFINITE (the) or INDEFINITE (a/an). > Gender Hints|
|AUXILIARY VERB||s Hilfsverb||A verb that "helps" or is used with another verb, usually haben or sein in COMPOUND TENSES. > German Verbs|
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