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Medical Vocabulary

English-German Glossary

Diseases & Injuries
Medications & Treatments - English-German

German words and phrases related to medical treatment,
health care, diseases, and injuries

Note: This glossary is not intended to offer any medical advice. It is for general information and vocabulary reference only.

Noun Genders: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)
Abbreviations: adj. (adjective), adv. (adverb), Br. (British), n. (noun), v. (verb), pl. (plural)

English-German Glossaries > Medical A-J | Medical K-Z

Also see: At the Dentist - Beim Zahnarzt


abscess  r Abszess

acne  e Akne
   pimples Pickel (pl.)

ADD  ADS (Aufmerksamkeits-Defizit-Störung = Attention Deficit Disorder)
ADHD  ADHS (Aufmerksamkeits-Defizit und Hyperaktivitäts-Störung = Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
  WEB > Attention Deficit Disorder @ About.com

addict  r/e Süchtige
   become addicted/an addict süchtig werden
   drug addict r/e Drogensüchtige
addiction  e Sucht

  AIDS victim  e/r AIDS-Kranke(r)

allergic (to)  allergisch (gegen)
allergy  e Allergie

ALS  e ALS (e Amyotrophe Lateralsklerose, Amyotrophische Lateralsklerose, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)
  Lou Gehrig's disease  s Lou-Gehrig-Syndrom

Named for the famous German-American baseball player Heinrich Ludwig “Lou” Gehrig (1903-1941). The star New York Yankees player was born into a poor German immigrant family in New York City and attended college on a football scholarship. Gehrig died of the muscle-wasting disease.
  WEB > Deutsche Gesellschaft für Muskelkranke

Alzheimer's (disease)  e Alzheimer Krankheit

Named for the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915), who first identified the disease in 1906.

anaesthesia/anesthesia  e Betäubung/e Narkose
anaesthetic/anesthetic  s Betäubungsmittel/s Narkosemittel
  general anesthetic e Vollnarkose
  local anesthetic örtliche Betäubung

anthrax  r Milzbrand, r Anthrax

The anthrax bacillus, the cause of Milzbrand, was discovered and isolated by the German Robert Koch in 1876.

antidote (to)  s Gegengift, s Gegenmittel (gegen)

appendicitis  e Blinddarmentzündung

arteriosclerosis  e Arteriosklerose, e Arterienverkalkung

arthritis  e Arthritis, e Gelenkentzündung

aspirin  s Aspirin

In Germany and some other countries, the term Aspirin is a trademarked name. Aspirin was invented by the German firm Bayer in 1899. (More in our Erfinder - Inventors glossary.)

asthma  s Asthma
asthmatic  asthmatisch


bacterium (bacteria)  e Bakterie (-n), s Bakterium (Bakteria)

bandage  s Pflaster (-)
bandage  r Verband (Verbände)
  Band-Aid ®  s Hansaplast ®

benign  benigne (med.), gutartig
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, enlarging prostate)  BPH, Benigne Prostatahyperplasie

blood  s Blut
  blood count  s Blutbild
  blood poisoning  e Blutvergiftung
  blood pressure  r Blutdruck
    high blood pressure  r Bluthochdruck
  blood sugar  r Blutzucker
  blood test  e Blutprobe
  blood type/group  e Blutgruppe
  blood transfusion  e Bluttransfusion

bloody  blutig

botulism  r Botulismus

bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)  die Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathie, die BSE

BPH (see "benign prostatic hyperplasia" above)

breast cancer  r Brustkrebs

BSE, “mad cow” disease  e BSE, r Rinderwahn
  the BSE crisis e BSE-Krise

Also see
Parts of the Body in German
Lesson 15 of German for Beginners


Caesarean (section)  r Kaiserschnitt
   She had a (baby by) Caesarean. Sie hatte einen Kaiserschnitt.

cancer  r Krebs
cancerous adj.  bösartig, krebsartig

carcinogen n.  r Krebserreger, s Karzinogen
carcinogenic adj.  krebsauslösend, krebserregend, krebserzeugend

cardiac  Herz- (prefix)
cardiac arrest  r Herzstillstand
cardiac disease  e Herzkrankheit
cardiac infarction  r Herzinfarkt

cardiologist  r Kardiologe, e Kardiologin
cardiology  e Kardiologie
cardiopulmonary  Herz-Lungen- (prefix)
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)  e Herz-Lungen-Wiederbelebung (HLW)

carpal tunnel syndrome  s Karpaltunnelsyndrom

CAT scan  e Computertomografie

cataract  r Katarakt, grauer Star

catheter  r Katheter
catheterize (v.)  katheterisieren

chemist, pharmacist  r Apotheker (-), e Apothekerin (-innen)
chemist's shop, pharmacy  e Apotheke (-n)

chemotherapy  e Chemotherapie

chicken pox  Windpocken (pl.)

chills  r Schüttelfrost

chlamydia  e Chlamydieninfektion, e Chlamydien-Infektion

cholera  e Cholera

chronic (adj.)  chronisch
  a chronic disease  eine chronische Krankheit

circulatory problem  e Kreislaufstörung

The French may complain about their livers, but the number one German ailment is Kreislaufstörung.

CJD  e CJK (die Creuzfeldt-Jakob-Krankheit)

clinic  e Klinik (-en)

clone n.  r Klon
clone v.  klonen
   cloning  s Klonen

(a) cold, head cold  eine Erkältung, r Schnupfen
  to have a cold einen Schnupfen haben

colon cancer  r Darmkrebs

colonoscopy  e Darmspiegelung, e Koloskopie

concussion  e Gehirnerschütterung

congenital (adj.)  angeboren, kongenital
congenital defect  r Geburtsfehler
congenital disease  e kongenitale Krankheit (-en)

conjunctivitis  e Bindehautentzündung

constipation  e Verstopfung

contagion  e Ansteckung (contact), e Ansteckungskrankheit (disease), s Contagium

contagious (adj.)  ansteckend, direkt übertragbar

convulsion(s)  r Krampf (Krämpfe)

COPD  COPD (Chronisch obstruktive Lungenerkrankung, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

cough  r Husten
cough syrup  r Hustensaft

CPR  e HLW (see "cardiopulmonary resuscitation")

cramp(s)  r Krampf (Krämpfe)
  stomach cramp r Magenkrampf

Creuzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)  e Creuzfeldt-Jakob-Krankheit (CJK)

C section  r Kaiserschnitt

CT scan (see CAT scan)

cure (for a disease)  s Heilmittel (gegen eine Krankheit)
cure (back to health)  e Heilung
cure (at spa)  e Kur
   take a cure  eine Kur machen
cure (treatment for)  e Behandlung (für)
cure (of) (v.)  heilen (von)
   cure s.o. of a disease  jmdn. von einer Krankheit heilen

cure-all  s Allheilmittel

cut n.  e Schnittwunde (-n)

Wort des Tages
What's today's German word of the day?


dandruff, flaking skin   Schuppen (pl.)

dead   tot

death   r Tod

dental, by a dentist   zahnärztlich
dentist   r Zahnarzt/e Zahnärztin
   MORE > At the Dentist - Beim Zahnarzt

diabetes  e Zuckerkrankheit, r Diabetes
  diabetic n.  r/e Zuckerkranke, r Diabetiker/e Diabetikerin
  diabetic adj.  zuckerkrank, diabetisch
  MORE > Diabetes @ About - Learn more about diabetes from About Guide Paula Ford-Martin.

diagnosis  e Diagnose

dialysis  e Dialyse

diarrhea, diarrhoea  r Durchfall, e Diarrhöe

die v.  sterben, ums Leben kommen
   he died of cancer  er starb an Krebs
   she died of heart failure  sie ist an Herzversagen gestorben
   many people died/lost their lives  viele Menschen kamen ums Leben

disease, illness  e Krankheit (-en)
   contagious disease  ansteckende Krankheit

doctor, physician r Arzt/e Ärztin (Ärzte/Ärztinnen)


ENT (ear, nose, and throat)  HNO (pron. HAH-EN-OH, Hals, Nase, Ohren = throat, nose, ears)
ENT doctor/physician  r HNO-Arzt, e HNO-Ärztin

emergency  r Notfall
   in an emergency  im Notfall
emergency room/ward  e Unfallstation
emergency services  Hilfsdienste (pl.)

environment  e Umwelt

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fever  s Fieber

first aid  erste Hilfe
   administer/give first aid  erste Hilfe leisten
first-aid kit  e Erste-Hilfe-Ausrüstung
first-aid kit  r Verbandkasten/r Verbandskasten

flu, influenza  e Grippe

Note: This glossary is not intended to offer any medical advice. It is for general information and vocabulary reference only.


gall bladder  e Galle, e Gallenblase
gall stone(s)  r Gallenstein (-e)

gastrointestinal  Magen-Darm- (in compounds)
gastrointestinal tract  r Magen-Darm-Trakt

gastroscopy  e Magenspiegelung

German measles  Röteln (pl.)

glucose  r Traubenzucker, e Glucose

glycerin(e)  s Glyzerin

gonorrhoea  e Gonorrhöe, r Tripper


haematoma (Br.)  s Hämatom

haemorrhoid (Br.)  e Hämorrhoide

hay fever  r Heuschnupfen

headache  Kopfschmerzen (pl.)
headache tablet/pill, aspirin  e Kopfschmerztablette
  I have a headache.  Ich habe Kopfschmerzen.

head nurse, senior nurse  e Oberschwester

heart attack  r Herzanfall, r Herzinfarkt
heart failure  s Herzversagen
heart pacemaker r Herzschrittmacher

  MORE > Heart Disease @ About - Learn more about heart disease and cardiology from About Guide Richard Fogoros.

heartburn  s Sodbrennen

health  e Gesundheit

health care  e Gesundheitsfürsorge

hematoma, haematoma (Br.)  s Hämatom

hemorrhage  e Blutung

hemorrhoid  e Hämorrhoide
   hemorrhoidal ointment  e Hämorrhoidensalbe

hepatitis  e Leberentzündung, e Hepatitis

high blood pressure  r Bluthochdruck (med. arterielle Hypertonie)

Hippocratic Oath  r hippokratische Eid, r Eid des Hippokrates

HIV positive/negative  HIV-positiv/-negativ

hospital  s Krankenhaus, e Klinik, s Spital (Austria)

Also see
Parts of the Body in German
Lesson 15 of German for Beginners


ICU (intensive care unit)  e Intensivstation

illness, disease  e Krankheit (-en)

incubator  r Brutkasten (-kästen)

infection e Entzündung (-en), e Infektion (-en)

influenza, flu  e Grippe

injection, shot  e Spritze (-n)

innoculate, vaccinate v.  impfen

insulin  s Insulin
insulin shock  r Insulinschock

intensive care unit (ICU)  e Intensivstation

interaction (drugs)  e Wechselwirkung (-en), e Interaktion (-en)


jaundice  e Gelbsucht

Jakob-Creutzfeld disease  e Jakob-Creutzfeld-Krankheit


Note: This glossary is not intended to offer any medical advice. It is for general information and vocabulary reference only.

Got a new word? Can't find a word?
Email me to add medical/dental vocabulary.

Related Pages

Part 2: K-Z
The second part of this glossary.

At the Dentist - Beim Zahnarzt
Special dental vocabulary (German-English).

Parts of the Body in German
In Lesson 15 of German for Beginners.

Robert Koch
The father of modern bacteriology and discoverer of the anthrax bacterium.

Erfinder und Entdecker
Key inventors and researchers in medical and technical history.

More English-German Glossaries
Annotated glossaries on many topics.

Online Dictionaries
Links for dictionaries and glossaries for German.

Wort des Tages
What's today's German word of the day? Daily German for advanced or beginning learners.

NEXT > More links in Part 2

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German for Beginners
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