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Astronomy and Aerospace Vocabulary

Annotated English-German Glossary

Astronomical, Aircraft, and Aerospace Terms

Noun genders are indicated by: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)
Abbreviations used: adj. (adjective), n. (noun), pl. (plural), v. (verb)

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Deutsche im Weltall > Astronomy/Aerospace Glossary > Glossaries

Part 1 (A-L) | Part 2 (M-Z) | The Planets | Eclipse Glossary


aileron  s Querruder

apogee  s Apogäum (highest point of orbit)

asteroid  r Asteroid

astrology  e Astrologie > Astrology - Signs of the Zodiac

astronaut(s)  r Astronaut (-en), e Astronautin (-nen) fem.

astronomer  r Astronom, e Astronomin
astronomical  astronomisch
astronomy  e Astronomie, e Sternkunde

astrophysicist  r Astrophysiker, e Astrophysikerin
astrophysics  e Astrophysik

atmosphere  e Atmosphäre


braking (effect)  e Bremsung


(space) capsule  e (Raum)Kapsel

cargo, payload  e Ladung, e Nutzlast

cargo bay  e Ladebucht, r Laderaum

the Challenger disaster  die Challenger-Katastrophe

Die Challenger-Katastrophe passierte Anfang 1986. Der mit sieben Astronauten besetzter Raumtransporter explodierte wenige Sekunden nach dem Start. - The Challenger disaster occured in early 1986. The space shuttle, with a crew of seven, exploded only seconds after liftoff.

the Columbia disaster  die Columbia-Katastrophe (STS-107 am 1. Februar 2003)

comet  r Komet

communications satellite  r Nachrichtensatellit (-en)

1965 wurde der Early Bird (USA) der erste Nachrichtensatellit. - In 1965 the Early Bird (USA) became the first communications satellite.

countdown n.  r Countdown

crew n.  e Besatzung, e Mannschaft, r Crew (also "die Crew")


data  e Daten (plural)


earth  e Erde
  One of the nine, uh, eight planets (Planeten) in our solar system.

earth orbit  e Erdumlaufbahn
   in earth orbit  in der Erdumlaufbahn

eclipse  e Finsternis > Eclipse Glossary
lunar eclipse  e Mondfinsternis
solar eclipse  e Sonnenfinsternis

(rocket) engine  s Triebwerk, r Raketenmotor

entry  r Eintritt
   re-entry  e Wiedereintritt (in die Erdatmosphäre)

ESA (European Space Agency)  Europäische Weltraumbehörde (headquartered in Paris)

escape velocity  e Fluchtgeschwindigkeit

Für den Start vom Erdboden ist eine Fluchtgeschwindigkeit von 11,3 km/s nötig. Für die Flucht aus dem Sonnensystem von der Erdbahn aus muss 42 km/s erreicht werden. - For an earth takeoff an escape velocity of 11.3 km per second is required. To escape the solar system from earth orbit, 42 km per second must be reached.

exploration  e Erforschung


float, hover (in space) v.  schweben (im Raum)

fuel n.  r Treibstoff, r Brennstoff
   liquid fuel   flüssiger Treibstoff
   solid fuel  fester Treibstoff, r Feststoff

fuel tank  r Treibstofftank

fuselage  r Rumpf


geostationary orbit  geostationäre Bahn

gravity  e Schwere, e Schwerkraft, e Gravitation
   force of gravity  e Schwerkraft

gravitational constant (G)  die Gravitationskonstante (G)

gravitational field  s Schwerefeld


hangar   r Hangar (-s), e Wartungshalle (-n)

hatch n.   e Luke

heat shield  r Hitzeschild

hydrogen  r Wasserstoff


ignition  e Zündung


jammed, stuck adj.  verklemmt
  a jammed/stuck hatch   eine verklemmte Luke

Jupiter  der Jupiter > Die Planeten - The Planets


landing, touchdown  e Landung, s Aufsetzen

landing gear  s Fahrgestell

landing strip  e Landebahn

launch, liftoff, takeoff  r Start, r Aufbruch

launch, lift off, take off v.  starten (startete, ist gestartet)

launch pad  e Startplattform

lift off, launch v.  abheben

liquid fuel rocket  e Flüssigkeitsrakete

lunar  Mond- (prefix)
lunar eclipse  e Mondfinsternis > Eclipse Glossary
lunar landing  e Mondlandung
lunar module  e Mondfähre
lunar year  s Mondjahr

Part 1 (A-L) | Part 2 (M-Z) | The Planets | Eclipse Glossary

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Deutsche im Weltall
An article about Germans in space, including a chronology and links.

The Last Eclipse of the Century
About the 1999 total solar eclipse over Germany and Austria, the last until 2081!

Eclipse Glossary
German-English dictionary.

Astronomy and Space @ About
About's Astronomy and Space site.

More Glossaries
English-German glossaries on a variety of topics.

Related Web Links
Aerospace-related links.

MORE > Aerospace Glossary - Part 2

Online Dictionaries
Links for dictionaries and glossaries.

A list of all the English-German glossaries on this site.

Online Translation
Links for German-English and other translation.

Wort des Tages
What's today's German word of the day?

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