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Dates and Time in German

Annotated English-German Glossary M-Z

The clock, calendar, seasons, weeks, days,
dates and other time-related vocabulary

  Noun genders: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)
  Abbreviations: adj. (adjective), adv. (adverb), n. (noun), pl. (plural), v. (verb)

  Also see these related pages:
   • Lesson 12: German for Beginners
   • It's About (German) Time
   • How to Tell Time in German
   • Latin in German

   • World Time Clock
   • More Glossaries


A-L | M-Z

M

minute (n.)  e Minute (meh-NOOH-ta)
  See: How to Tell Time in German

minute hand  r Minutenzeiger, r große Zeiger

Monday  r Montag
  (on) Mondays  montags

Montag, like English "Monday," is named for the moon (der Mond), i.e., "moon-day." On German (European) calendars, the week begins with Montag, not Sonntag (the last day of the week): Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag (Sonnabend), Sonntag. This has the benefit of putting the two weekend days together rather than separated, as on Anglo-American calendars.

month(s)  r Monat (die Monate)

Months in German: (all der) Januar, Februar, März, April, Mai, Juni, Juli, August, September, Oktober, November, Dezember.

Also see Lektion 12: German for Beginners (the calendar and setting appointments) and Months: Latein-Deutsch-Englisch.

morning  r Morgen, r Vormittag
  this morning   heute Morgen
  tomorrow morning   morgen früh, morgen Vormittag
  yesterday morning   gestern früh, gestern Vormittag

N

next (adv.)  nächst
  next week  nächste Woche
  next weekend  nächstes Wochenende

night(s)  e Nacht (Nächte)
  at night   nachts, in der Nacht
  by night   bei Nacht

number(s)  e Zahl (Zahlen), e Ziffer(n) (on clock face), e Nummer(n)

See German Numbers for an English-German guide to calendar dates, numbers (Zahlen) and counting (zählen).

O

oversleep  sich verschlafen

P

past, after (clock time)  nach
  quarter past five   viertel nach fünf
  five past ten   fünf nach zehn

pendulum  s Pendel

pendulum clock  e Pendeluhr

PM  abends, nachmittags
  Note: German schedules and timetables use 24-hour time rather than AM or PM.

pocket watch  e Taschenuhr

Q

quarter (one fourth) (n., adv.)  s Viertel
  quarter to/past   viertel vor/nach
  quarter past five   viertel sechs
  See: How to Tell Time in German

S

sand glass, hour glass  s Stundenglas, e Sanduhr

Saturday  r Samstag, r Sonnabend
  (on) Saturdays  samstags, sonnabends
  See: Lektion 12: German for Beginners

season (of year)  e Jahreszeit
  the four seasons   die vier Jahreszeiten
  See: Lektion 12B: German for Beginners

second (n.)  e Sekunde (say-KOON-da)

second (adj.)  zweit-
  second-largest   zweitgrößte
  the second car   das zweite Auto
  the second door   die zweite Tür

See German Numbers for an English-German guide to ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd...) and cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...).

second hand  r Sekundenzeiger

slow (clock, watch) (adv.)  nach
  My watch is running slow.   Meine Uhr geht nach.

spring (n.)  e Feder, e Zugfeder

spring (season)  r Frühling, s Frühjahr
  in (the) spring   im Frühling/Frühjahr

spring balance  e Federwaage

standard time  e Standardzeit, e Winterzeit
  daylight saving time (n.)  e Sommerzeit

summer  r Sommer
  in (the) summer   im Sommer

Sunday  r Sonntag
  (on) Sundays  sonntags

sun dial  e Sonnenuhr

T

third (adj.)  dritt-
  third-largest   drittgrößte
  the third car   das dritte Auto
  the third door   die dritte Tür

See German Numbers for an English-German guide to ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd...) and cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...).

time  e Zeit (pron. TSYTE)
  See: How to Tell Time in German

time clock  e Stempeluhr

time zone  e Zeitzone

The world's official 24 time zones were created in October 1884 (1893 in Prussia) by an international conference in Washington, D.C. in response to the needs of railroads, shipping companies and increasing international travel. Each hour's zone is 15 degrees in width (15 Längengraden) with Greenwich as the prime (zero) meridian (Nullmeridian) and the International Date line at 180º. In practice, most time zone boundaries are adjusted to conform to various political and geographic considerations. There are even some half-hour time zones. (See our Time Links page and our Weltzeituhr for more.)

Thursday  r Donnerstag
  (on) Thursdays  donnerstags

today (adv.)  heute
  today's newspaper   die heutige Zeitung, die Zeitung von heute
  a week/month from today   heute in einer Woche/einem Monat

tomorrow (adv.)  morgen (not capitalized)
  tomorrow afternoon   morgen Nachmittag
  tomorrow evening   morgen Abend
  tomorrow morning   morgen früh, morgen Vormittag
  tomorrow night   morgen Nacht
  a week/month/year ago tomorrow   morgen vor einer Woche/einem Monat/einem Jahr

Also see Day by Day: Day Expressions in German

Tuesday  r Dienstag
  (on) Tuesdays  dienstags

U

UTC  UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, Universel Temps Coordonné) - Also see GMT.)

UTC was introduced in 1964 and is headquartered at the Paris Observatory (but calculated from the prime meridian at Greenwich). Since 1972 UTC has been based on atomic clocks. A UTC radio time signal (Zeitzeichen) is broadcast around the world. UTC is coordinated with solar time (UT1). Because of irregularities in the earth's rotation, a leap second must be introduced from time to time in December or June. (See our Time Links page and our Weltzeituhr for more.)

W

watch, clock  e Uhr, e Armbanduhr (wristwatch)
  See: How to Tell Time in German

Wednesday  r Mittwoch
  (on) Wednesdays  mittwochs
  Ash Wednesday  Aschermittwoch

  See our Feiertag-Kalender for more
  about holidays such as Ash Wednesday.

week(s)  e Woche (die Wochen)
  a week ago   vor einer Woche
  for a week   (für) eine Woche
  in a week   in einer Woche
  two weeks, fortnight (n.)  vierzehn Tage (14 days)
  in two weeks/a fortnight   in vierzehn Tagen
  this/next/last week   diese/nächste/vorige Woche
  days of the week   die Tage der Woche

Days of the Week with Abbreviations: Montag (Mo), Dienstag (Di), Mittwoch (Mi), Donnerstag (Do), Freitag (Fr), Samstag (Sa), Sonntag (So).

Also see Lesson 12: German for Beginners

weekday (Mon.-Fri.)  r Wochentag, r Werktag (Mo-Fr)
  (on) weekdays   wochentags, werktags

weekend  s Wochenende
  a long weekend  ein verlängertes Wochenende
  at/on the weekend  am Wochenende
  at/on weekends  an Wochenenden
  for/over the weekend  übers Wochenende

weekly (adj./adv.)  wöchentlich, Wochen- (prefix)
  weekly newspaper  Wochenzeitung

winter  r Winter
  in (the) winter   im Winter

wristwatch  e Armbanduhr

Y

year(s)  s Jahr (YAHR) (e Jahre)
  for years  seit Jahren
  in the year 2006  im Jahr(e) 2006

For more about how to say years in German, see German Numbers.

yesterday (adv.)  gestern
  Also see German for Beginners

BACK > A-L


Related Pages

Part One: A-L
The first part of this glossary.

Day by Day: Day Expressions in German
A detailed look at day-to-day vocabulary. From your Guide.

How to Tell Time in German
A step-by-step how-to on telling time auf Deutsch.

Lektion 12: German for Beginners
Lesson 12 of our free online German course covers the calendar and setting appointments.

Latin in German
Includes the days of the week, the months and other Latin-based German vocabulary. From your Guide.

It's About (German) Time
A related article from your Guide.

German Numbers
An English-German guide to calendar dates, numbers (Zahlen) and counting (zählen).

Days: Latin-Deutsch-English
An annotated glossary comparing day names in the three languages.

Months: Latin-Deutsch-English
An annotated glossary comparing the names of the months in the three languages.

World Time Clock
See the current time in Germany and other locations around the globe. From your Guide.

More Glossaries
English-German glossaries on a variety of topics, from your Guide.

Online Dictionaries
Links for dictionaries and glossaries online and in print.

Wort des Tages
What's today's German word of the day?


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