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German Verb Conjugations

SCHLAFEN: Conjugated in All Tenses

Subjunctive Mood • Konjunktiv

The German verb schlafen (to sleep) conjugated in all its tenses and moods

SCHLAFEN > Present > Past > Future
VERBS: German Verb Guide > Verb Index > Verb Conjugator

Commands - Imperativ

There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used with wir.
(du) schlaf! sleep
(ihr) schlaft! sleep
schlafen Sie! sleep
schlafen wir! let's sleep

Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I

The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede). Rare in conversational use, the Subjunctive I is often seen in newspapers, usually in the third person (er stehe, he is said to sleep).
ich schlafe (würde schlafen)* I sleep
du schlafest you sleep
er schlafe
sie schlafe
es schlafe
he sleeps
she sleeps
it sleeps
*NOTE: Because the Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) of "schlafen" in the first person (ich) and the plural (below) is identical to the indicative (normal) form, the Subjunctive II is sometimes substituted.
wir schlafen we sleep
ihr schlafet you (guys) sleep
sie schlafen they sleep
Sie schlafen you sleep

Subjunctive II - Konjunktiv II

The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The Subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt, schlief), but with an added e: schliefe.
ich schliefe I would sleep
du schliefest you would sleep
er schliefe
sie schliefe
es schliefe
he would sleep
she would sleep
it would sleep
wir schliefen we would sleep
ihr schliefet you (guys) would sleep
sie schliefen they would sleep
Sie schliefen you would sleep
Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can be used in various tenses. Below are examples that illustrate how schlafen forms the subjunctive in past or future time. In such cases, the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with schlafen.
er habe geschlafen he is said to have slept
ich hätte geschlafen I would have slept
sie hätten geschlafen they would have slept
er werde geschlafen haben he will have slept
ich würde schlafen I would sleep
du würdest geschlafen haben you would have slept
More verbs on our
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SCHLAFEN: Present | Past | Future | Subjunctive | All Verbs

Also see: The German Subjunctive II - How to form it, when to use it

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