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German Verb Conjugations

SPRECHEN: Conjugated in All Tenses

Subjunctive Mood • Konjunktiv

The German verb sprechen (to speak) conjugated in all its tenses and moods

SPRECHEN > Present > Past > Future > Subjunctive > All Verbs


SPRECHEN
Commands - Imperativ
DEUTSCH ENGLISH
There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used with wir.
(du) sprich! speak
(ihr) sprecht! speak
sprechen Sie! speak
sprechen wir! let's speak

SPRECHEN
Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede). Rare in conversational use, the Subjunctive I is often seen in newspapers, usually in the third person (er spreche, he is said to speak).
SINGULAR
ich spreche (würde sprechen)* I speak
du sprechest you speak
er spreche
sie spreche
es spreche
he speaks
she speaks
it speaks
*NOTE: Because the Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) of "sprechen" in the first person (ich) is identical to the indicative (normal) form, the Subjunctive II is sometimes substituted.
PLURAL
wir sprechen we speak
ihr sprechet you (guys) speak
sie sprechen they speak
Sie sprechen you speak

SPRECHEN
Subjunctive II - Konjunktiv II

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The Subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt, sprach), adding an umlaut + e: spräche.
SINGULAR
ich spräche I would speak
du sprächest you would speak
er spräche
sie spräche
es spräche
he would speak
she would speak
it would speak
PLURAL
wir sprächen we would speak
ihr sprächet you (guys) would speak
sie sprächen they would speak
Sie sprächen you would speak
Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can be used in various tenses. Below are examples that illustrate how sprechen forms the subjunctive in past or future time. In such cases, the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with sprechen.
PAST TIME
DEUTSCH ENGLISH
er habe gesprochen he is said to have spoken
ich hätte gesprochen I would have spoken
sie hätten gesprochen they would have spoken
FUTURE TIME
DEUTSCH ENGLISH
er werde gesprochen haben he will have spoken
ich würde sprechen I would speak
du würdest gesprochen haben you would have spoken
More verbs on our
20 Most-Used German Verbs,
German Strong Verbs and
50 Common German Verbs pages.

SPRECHEN: Present | Past | Future | Subjunctive | All Verbs

Also see: The German Subjunctive II - How to form it, when to use it


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