German Verb Conjugations
SPRECHEN: Conjugated in All Tenses
Subjunctive Mood Konjunktiv
The German verb sprechen (to speak) conjugated in all its tenses and moods
Commands - Imperativ
|There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used with wir.|
|sprechen wir!||let's speak|
Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I
|The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede). Rare in conversational use, the Subjunctive I is often seen in newspapers, usually in the third person (er spreche, he is said to speak).|
|ich spreche (würde sprechen)*||I speak|
|du sprechest||you speak|
|*NOTE: Because the Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) of "sprechen" in the first person (ich) is identical to the indicative (normal) form, the Subjunctive II is sometimes substituted.|
|wir sprechen||we speak|
|ihr sprechet||you (guys) speak|
|sie sprechen||they speak|
|Sie sprechen||you speak|
Subjunctive II - Konjunktiv II
|The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The Subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt, sprach), adding an umlaut + e: spräche.|
|ich spräche||I would speak|
|du sprächest||you would speak|
|he would speak
she would speak
it would speak
|wir sprächen||we would speak|
|ihr sprächet||you (guys) would speak|
|sie sprächen||they would speak|
|Sie sprächen||you would speak|
|Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can be used in various tenses. Below are examples that illustrate how sprechen forms the subjunctive in past or future time. In such cases, the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with sprechen.|
|er habe gesprochen||he is said to have spoken|
|ich hätte gesprochen||I would have spoken|
|sie hätten gesprochen||they would have spoken|
|er werde gesprochen haben||he will have spoken|
|ich würde sprechen||I would speak|
|du würdest gesprochen haben||you would have spoken|
More verbs on our
20 Most-Used German Verbs,
German Strong Verbs and
50 Common German Verbs pages.
Also see: The German Subjunctive II - How to form it, when to use it
An alphabetical list of common German verbs, many with links to their conjugations.
The Passive Voice in German
Among its many functions, "werden" is also used to form the passive voice.
German Verbs in the Future Tense
An overview of German verbs in the future tense - using werden.
The Subjunctive II
Another use of "werden." When and how to use it, from your Guide. With self-scoring quiz.
German Strong Verbs
A look at other irregular verbs in the simple past and present perfect tenses.
20 Most-Used German Verbs
A ranked list of the most commonly used verbs.
How to conjugate most German verbs in the present tense. Part of German for Beginners.
More Related Pages
50 Common German Verbs
A chart of the most common German verbs - with examples.
German Strong (Irregular) Verbs
The principal parts and conjugations of German irregular verbs, including "haben" and "sein."
Verb Review 1
Part One of a 3-part look at the ins and outs of German verbs. With self-scoring quiz.
All of the annotated glossaries on this site - from aerospace to travel.
All of the grammar resources on this site.
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