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German Word Order

Subordinating Conjunctions > Part 1 | 2 | Quiz

German Subordinating Conjunctions

Since it is easier to recognize and use subordinate clauses if you know the German subordinating conjunctions, here they are.

All of the subordinating conjunctions listed in this chart require the conjugated verb to go at the end of the clause they introduce. (See the previous page for examples.) Another technique for learning them is to learn the ones that are NOT subordinating, since there are fewer of those. The coordinating conjunctions (with normal word oder) are: aber, denn, entweder/oder (either/or), weder/noch (neither/nor), and und.

Some of the subordinating conjunctions can be confused with their second identity as prepositions (bis, seit, während), but this is usually not a big problem. The word als is also used in comparisons (größer als, bigger than), in which case it is not a subordinating conjunction. As always, you have to look at the context in which a word appears in a sentence.

German Subordinating Conjunctions
  DEUTSCH

als

bevor

bis

da

damit

dass

ehe

falls

indem

nachdem

ob

obgleich

obschon

obwohl

seit/seitdem

sobald

sodass / so dass

solang(e)

trotzdem

während

weil

wenn
 

  ENGLISH

as, when

before

until

as, since (because)

so that, in order that

that

before (re old Engl. "ere")

in case

while

after

whether, if

although

although

although

since (time)

as soon as

so that

as/so long as

despite the fact that

while, whereas

because

if, whenever
 

Note: All of the interrogative words (wann, wer, wie, wo, usw.) can also be used as subordinating conjunctions.

Once you feel comfortable with this lesson on German word order (both normal and post-position), try the word order quiz to test yourself.

NEXT > QuizPart 1 | 2 | Quiz

Also see: German Word Order - Part 1 (normal German word order)


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