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German Reflexive Verbs (2)

Reflexive Pronouns

Accusative and Dative Reflexive Pronouns

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Below is a chart listing the accusative and dative reflexive pronouns in German. In the second chart below, we list sample reflexive verbs and sentences to illustrate how German uses the reflexive. Also see Lesson 15 - Part 3 of German for Beginners for more examples of the dative reflexive.

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The Reflexive Pronouns in German
Accusative - Dative
Nom. Akkusativ Dativ
ich mich (myself) mir (myself)
du dich (yourself) dir (yourself)
ihr euch (yourselves) euch (yourselves)
wir uns (ourselves) uns (ourselves)
er
sie
es
sich
(himself/herself/itself)
sich
(himself/herself/itself)
Sie
sie
sich
(yourself/themselves)
sich
(yourself/themselves)

The chart above is organized so that the only two reflexive forms that are different in the dative reflexive are shown in the two top rows. Only dir and mir differ from their accusative forms. All of the sich forms are also shown together. This way you can see that you really don't need to learn as many unique reflexive forms as you might have thought.

See the chart below for some important reflexive verbs in German and English. Note the examples that contrast the reflexive and non-reflexive forms of the same verb, with their different meanings.

Sample Reflexive Verbs
*Verbs that are always or usually reflexive in German
sich annehmen
annehmen
(non-refl.)
to look after/take care of
to assume
sich anziehen
anziehen
(non-refl.)
to get dressed
to wear
sich ärgern to be angry, upset
sich baden
baden
(non-refl.)
to bathe, take a bath
to swim, go swimming
sich bedienen to serve yourself
sich beeilen* to hurry, be in a rush
sich befinden* to be located, find oneself (somewhere)
sich bewegen to move
sich duschen* to shower, take a shower
sich eignen* to be suited, suitable
sich entscheiden to decide, make up one's mind
sich erholen* to recover, get better
sich erinnern
erinnern
(non-refl.)
to remember
to remind
sich erkälten* to catch cold
sich freuen* to be glad
sich gewöhnen an* to get used to
sich handeln um
handeln
(non-refl.)
to be about
to act, trade, deal
sich interessieren für to be interested in
sich rasieren* to shave
sich setzen
setzen
(non-refl.)
to sit down
to put, place
sich waschen to wash (oneself)

NEXT > Sample Sentences > Reflexive 1 | Pronouns

MORE > German Reflexive Verbs (English-German glossary)

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