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Gender of Countries


German is similar to English when it comes to gender of countries and conversing about them. Follow these guidelines:

Gender of Countries
Generally speaking, countries in German are not preceded by definite articles. There are however exceptions. The following are some countries that do take on definite articles when talking or writing about them.

DIE : die Schweiz, die Pfalz, die Türkei, die Europäische Union

DIE Plural: die Vereinigten Staaten (the United States), die USA, die Niederlande

DER: der Irak, der Libanon, der Sudan

DAS: das Tessin, das Elsass, das Baltikum

When stating that someone is from a certain city, often the suffix –er/ erin will be added:

Berlin -> ein Berliner, eine Berlinerin
Köln (Cologne)-> ein Kölner, eine Kölnerin

To state that someone is from a certain country, see Countries and Cities in German

To some cities that already end in –er, you can add –aner/ anerin: ein Hannoveraner, eine Hannoveranerin

However, that is quite a mouthful, therefore it is more commonly expressed as such: Sie/ Er kommt aus Hannover. (She/He is from Hanover.)
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