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German Plural Nouns With –N/EN Endings

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The nouns in this group are mostly feminine and add either –n or –en to form the plural. There are no neuter nouns in this group and neither are there any umlaut changes when forming the plural.

For example:
die Frau (the woman, singular) ---> die Frauen (plural)

Die Frau geht spazieren. (The woman is taking a walk.)

Die Frauen gehen spazieren.

Nouns in this group add -en when the noun in singular ends in a consonant, such as der Schmerz (the pain) ---> die Schmerzen. Exceptions to this rule are when the word ends in the consonants -l or -r, then the noun will add -n only.

For example:

die Kartoffel (the potato)---> die Kartoffeln
der Vetter (the cousin)---> die Vettern.


When nouns in this group end in a vowel, -n will be added. Exceptions to this rule are when the vowels are the diphthongs -au or -ei.

For example:

die Pfau (the peacock) ---> die Pfauen
die Bäckerei (the bakery) ---> die Bäckereien


Also, nouns that end with -in add -nen in the plural, such as die Musikantin (the female musician) ---> die Musikantinnen.
See chart below for more examples of this plural noun group.


Plural Nouns With –N/EN Endings

CaseSingularPlural
nom.
acc.
dat.
gen.
die Schwester (the sister)
die Schwester
der Schwester
der Schwester
die Schwestern
die Schwestern
den Schwestern
der Schwestern
nom.
acc.
dat.
gen.
der Mensch (the human)
den Menschen
dem Menschen
des Menschen
die Menschen
die Menschen
den Menschen
der Menschen
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