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Accusative Prepositions


The folowing is a quick overview on how and what to watch out for when forming sentences with accusative prepositions.
Difficulty: Average
Time Required: Varied

Here's How:

  1. Find the appropriate preposition:
    bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um
    (see German Accusative Prepositions for more details)
  2. Choose to either place your prepositional phrase after the subject + verbal phrase (more common) or before, while keeping in mind the time, manner, place sentence structure guideline.
    Ich werde bis nächsten Samstag hier bleiben. (I'm staying here till next Saturday.)
  3. Change word endings accordingly. Check your definite articles, pronouns and adjectives.
    In an accusative prepositional phrase this means:

    • The only definite article change: der -> den.

    • Pronouns that change: ich->mich, du-> dich, er->ihn, wir->uns, ihr -> euch.

    • For personal pronoun changes, see next link.

    • Some adjectives will change depending whether they are preceded by a definite article or not.( See Adjective Endings.)
  4. Add some colloquial German: Especially in spoken German, the following prepositional accusative contractions are very common.

    ums (um + das)
    durchs (durch + das)
    fürs (für + das)
  5. Example: You have to pull the wire through the hole.
    Preposition through -> durch

    Du musst + den Draht durch das kleine Loch ziehen.
    das kleine Loch -> stays the same in the accusative case
    Contraction: durch + das -> durchs

    Du musst den Draht durch das/durchs kleine Loch ziehen.
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