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Dative Prepositions

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The folowing is a quick overview on how and what to watch out for when forming sentences with dative prepositions.
Difficulty: Average
Time Required: Varied

Here's How:

  1. Find the appropriate preposition:

    aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu (see German Dative Prepositions for more details)
  2. Choose to either place your prepositional phrase after the subject + verbal phrase (more common) or before, while keeping in mind the time, manner, place sentence structure guideline. Ich fahre morgen früh mit meinem neuen Auto nach Köln. (I'm driving early tomorrow morning with my new car to Cologne.)
  3. Change word endings accordingly. Check your definite articles, pronouns and adjectives.

    In a dative prepositional phrase this means:

    • Definite articles that change: der -> dem, die -> der, das -> dem, die(plural) -> den .

    • Pronouns that change: ich ->mir, du-> dir, er ->ihm, sie ->ihr, es ->ihr, wir ->uns, ihr -> euch, sie ->.ihnen.

    • For personal pronoun changes, see next link.

    • The endings of some adjectives and nouns will change. ( See Adjective Endings.)
  4. Contractions: The following dative prepositional contractions are common.

    zur (zu+ der)
    zum (zu + dem)
    vom (von + dem)
    beim (bei + dem)
  5. Example: Your parents are coming over for supper today.

    Preposition for (supper)-> in this case is expressed with zu -> zu + dem Abendessen. (See Differences Between For and Für

    Deine Eltern kommen heute zum Abendessen vorbei.
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