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Chemische Elemente
Chemical Elements

Basic Chemical Elements • Chemische Grundstoffe

To date, scientists have discovered 112 basic chemical elements. (Elements 111 and 112 have yet to be named.) These Grundstoffe or Elemente are chemical matter that cannot be broken down any further by chemical means. The following chart lists each element in alphabetical order (by the German name, which is usually similar to the English; see our English-German table for the names of common elements that differ from English). The number under the chemical symbol (chemisches Zeichen) is the atomic number or Protonenzahl/Ordnungszahl. The column on the far right also lists the Entdecker (discoverer) and the year (Jahr) of discovery.

Genders: All but six element names in German are neuter (das), including the many elements that end in -ium, -en or -on. Only der Phosphor, der Schwefel (sulphur) and the four elements ending with -stoff are masculine (e.g., der Wasserstoff = hydrogen).

Also see information about the Periodic Table further down on this page.

A-D | E-K | L-Q | R-Z

Chemische Elemente - Chemical Elements
DEUTSCH ENGLISH Sign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
Actinium actinium Ac
89
Debierne, Giesel 1899
Aluminium aluminum (Am.)
aluminium (Br.)
Al
13
Oersted 1825
Americium americium Am
95
Seaborg, James, Morgan 1945
Antimon antimony Sb
51
since ancient times
Argon argon Ar
18
Rayleigh, Ramsay 1895
Arsen arsenic As
33
since ancient times
Astat astatine At
85
Corson, Mackenzie, Segré 1940
Barium barium Ba
56
Davy 1808
Berkelium berkelium Bk
97
Seaborg, Thomson, Ghiorso 1949
Beryllium beryllium Be
83
Vauquelin 1798
Bismut
Wismut
bismuth Bi
83
15th century
Blei lead Pb
82
since ancient times
Bohrium bohrium Bh
107
Russian scientists 1976
Bor boron B
5
Gay-Lussac, Thénard 1808
Brom bromine Br
35
Balard 1825
Cadmium cadmium Cd
48
Stromeyer 1817
Calcium
Kalzium
calcium Ca
20
Davy 1808
Californium californium Cf
98
Seaborg, Thomson, et al 1950
Cäsium caesium (Br.)
cesium (Am.)
Cs
55
Bunsen, Kirchhoff 1860
Cer cerium Ce
58
Klaproth 1803
Chlor chlorine Cl
17
Scheele 1774
Chrom chromium
chrome
Cr
24
Vauquelin 1797
Cobalt
Kobalt
cobalt Co
27
Brandt 1735
Curium curium Cm
96
Seaborg, James, Ghiorso 1944
Dubnium dubnium Db
105
USA 1970
Dysprosium dysprosium Dy
66
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1886
NEXT > E-K
MORE > English-German Elements Glossary

Das Periodensystem der Elemente (PSE)
Die systematische Anordnung der chemischen Elemente nach ihrerer Ordnungs- oder Kernladungszahl. - The periodic system or periodic law for chemical elements was first developed in 1869 by the Russian Dmitri I. Mendeléyev (1834-1907). The German chemist J. Lothar Meyer (1830-1895) independently developed a similar system around the same time. The element mendelevium—atomic weight 101, discovered in 1955—is named for Mendeléyev.

NEXT > E-K - A-D | E-K | L-Q | R-Z

WEB > chemie-master.de (periodic table & more auf Deutsch)
WEB > Tabelle - chemische Elemente


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