1. Education

German for Beginners
Lektion 13

Essen und Trinken

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This lesson introduces: (1) food words and vocabulary for eating, drinking and grocery shopping, (2) expressions related to those topics and (3) related German grammar. A very important supplement to this lesson is our German-English Menu and Dining Guide.

Read and study the following dialog. If you need help with the vocabulary or grammar, see the German-English version. LERNTIPP: You will comprehend and learn this dialog better if you use this German-only version as much as possible, only turning to the dual-language version when you need to. You can easily switch between the two. Also see the glossary at the bottom of the dialog.

Your goal is to get to the point where you can read this German dialog with full comprehension.

Dialog 1
In der Küche

Katrin: Mutti, was machst du denn da? Ist das Wienerschnitzel?

Mutter: Ja, dein Lieblingsessen natürlich.

Katrin: Toll!

Mutti: Aber Katrin, ich hab' gerade entdeckt, dass wir keine Kartoffeln für die Pommes frites haben. Kannst du mir schnell Kartoffeln bei EDEKA holen?

An der Kasse
bei EDEKA.

At the check-out

Katrin: Ja, das kann ich. Brauchst du sonst noch etwas?

Mutter: Wenn es ein paar schöne Gurken gibt, wäre das auch gut.

Katrin: Und Brötchen?

Mutter: Nee, das haben wir schon.

Katrin: OK, dann bin ich gleich wieder da.

Mutter: Hast du etwas Geld?

Katrin: Ja, genug, um ein paar Kartoffeln und Gurken zu kaufen.

Mutter: Natürlich bekommst du das Geld von mir zurück.

Katrin: Es geht schon, Mutti. Tschüss!

(German-English version of this dialog)

GLOSSARY: wäre=would be, nee=nein, e Gurke=cucumber, genug=enough

CULTURAL NOTE: EDEKA is a German co-op chain of over 10,000 neighborhood, independently-owned grocery stores that offer a wide variety of items, sometimes including a small bakery. By using a centralized distribution system from 12 regional centers in Germany, they are better able to compete with larger supermarkets. For more information, see the EDEKA Web site (in German).

Where else can you buy groceries? Below is a chart of various shopping possibilities. Although supermarkets are popular, many Germans still prefer to shop for meat, bread, pastry, fruit and vegetables in specialty shops: the butcher, the baker, the green grocer and other specialized types of stores.

Wo kaufe ich das?
Useful words and expressions
in English and German
Lebensmittel - Groceries
WO (where) WAS (what)
der Supermarkt the supermarket
im Supermarkt at the supermarket
fast alles almost everything
die Lebensmittel groceries
das Gemüse vegetables
das Obst fruit
die Milch milk
der Käse cheese
der Bäcker the baker
beim Bäcker at the baker's
die Bäckerei bakery
das Brot bread
das Brötchen roll
die Semmeln rolls
  (So. Germany, Austria)
die Torte cake
der Kuchen cake
der Fleischer the butcher*
die Fleischerei butcher shop
beim Fleischer at the butcher's
der Metzger the butcher
die Metzgerei the butcher shop
beim Metzger at the butcher's
der Fisch fish
das Fleisch meat
das Rindfleisch beef
das Geflügel fowl
das Kalbfleisch veal
der Schinken ham
das Schweinefleisch pork
die Wurst sausage
  *The German terms for "butcher" and "butcher shop" are regional. Metzger tends to be used more in southern Germany, while Fleischer is more common in the north. The official term for the trade is Fleischer. Older, rarely used terms are Fleischhacker, Fleischhauerand Schlachter.
der Getränkemarkt beverage shop
Here you buy beverages (beer, cola, mineral water, etc.) by the case. Supermarkets now usually have a similar department.
Getränke beverages
das Getränk beverage, drink
das Bier beer
der Wein wine
die Limonade soda, soft drink
die Cola cola drink
das Mineralwasser mineral water
der Markt the market
der Tante-Emma-Laden corner market
die Tankstelle gas station (market)
A growing trend in Germany is the gas station mini-mart, selling everything from groceries to videos and CDs. It offers shoppers an alternative to regular stores that by law are closed on Sundays and after 8pm, if not earlier.
Also see:
Menu and Dining Guide
A German-English guide to
vocabulary having to do with dining out.

Part 2 of this Lesson (13B)
Der gedeckte Tisch, the table setting in German.

Previous Lesson (Lektion 12)

German for Beginners - Contents

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Menu and Dining Guide
A German-English guide to vocabulary having to do with dining out.

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