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German Abbreviations N-Q

Deutsche Abkürzungen

German Abbreviations from AA to z.Z.


The following abbreviations are commonly found in German reading (books, letters, periodicals, business documents, etc.) and sometimes in conversation. In most cases, this glossary does not include German abbreviations that are identical or similar to English abbreviations (e.g., BMW, BSE, VHS, VW, etc.), although the German pronunciation may be different. (Audio files of some of these can be found on our Abc-Quiz page.) For other types of abbreviations and acronyms in German, also see the other pages and links below.

  • Countries & Nationalities
  • 'MfG' Abbreviations
  • Political Party Abbreviations
  • Real Estate Ad Abbreviations
  • Das Alphabet

A-C | D-F | G-J | K-M | N-Q | R-T | U-Z

Abkürzung German English
N Nord(en) north
näml. nämlich namely, viz., i.e.
n.Chr. nach Christus AD, anno domini
NN das Normalnull sea level
NNO Nordnordost north northeast
NNW Nordnordwest north northwest
NO Nordosten northeast
NOK Nationales Olympisches Komitee National Olympic Committee
NPD Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands National Democratic Party of Germany
  Note: The NPD is a German far-right, neo-Nazi party. See Political Party Abbreviations for more.
Nr. Nummer No., number
NRW Nordrhein-Westfalen North Rhine-Westphalia
NS Nachschrift PS, postscript
n.u.Z. nach unserer Zeitrechnung modern era
O Osten east
o. oben above
o.A.* ohne Altersbeschränkung approved for all ages,
no age limit
OB Oberbürgermeister mayor, Lord Mayor
o.B. ohne Befund negative results
Obb. Oberbayern Upper Bavaria
ÖBB Österreichische Bundesbahnen Austrian Federal Railways
od. oder or
OF* Originalfassung orig. version (movie)
o.g. oben genannt above mentioned
OHG offene Handelsgesellschaft general partnership
OmU* Originalfassung mit Untertiteln orig. version with subtitles
ÖPNV öffentlicher Personennahverkehr public (commuter) transportation
ORF Oesterreichischer Rundfunk Austrian Broadcasting (radio & TV)
österr. österreichisch Austrian
OSO Ostsüdost east southeast
O-Ton* Originalton original soundtrack
 *Im Kino (At the movies) See the special section below for more German movie abbreviations.
  Note: die O-Töne = "in their own words" (recorded sound bites, voice recordings)
ÖVP Österreichische Volkspartei Austrian People's Party
p.Adr. per Adresse c/o, care of
PDS die Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus Party of Democratic Socialism
  Note: The PDS is an offshoot of the former East German SED party. It draws most of its membership from eastern Germany. See Political Party Abbreviations for more.
Pfd. Pfund lb., pound (weight)
Pkw/PKW Personenkraftwagen automobile, car
PH pädagogische Hochschule teacher's college
Pl. Platz square, plaza
PLZ Postleitzahl postal code, ZIP
PS Pferdestärke horsepower
qkm Quadratkilometer square km
qm Quadratmeter square meter(s)
  Note: The abbreviations km2 or m2 are more modern and preferred.
QWERTZ QWERTZ-Tastatur (Ger.) QWERTZ keyboard
 *Im Kino (At the movies) - The following abbreviations are commonly found in German movie listings. Hollywood movies shown in Germany and Austria usually have a dubbed German soundtrack. In German-speaking Switzerland subtitles are the norm. In larger cities and university towns it is easy to find OmU or OF films shown in the original language, with or without German subtitles.
  dF, dtF  deutsche Fassung = German dubbed version
  k.A.  keine Angabe = not rated, unrated, no information
  FSF  Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Fernsehen = German TV rating board
  FSK  Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft = German film rating board
  FSK 6, FSK ab 6  rated age 6 and up (More at the FSK site - in German.)
  o.A. ohne Altersbeschränkung = approved for all ages, no age limit
  OF  Originalfassung = original-language version
  OmU  Originalfassung mit Untertiteln = orig. lang. with subtitles
  SW, s/w  schwarz/weiß = black & white

See the CinemaxX.de Web site for actual movie listings in many German cities.

More German Abbreviations

Related Pages

Countries & Nationalities
An annotated glossary with the international abbreviation for each country.

Political Party Abbreviations
In Austria, Germany, and Switzerland.

Real Estate Ad Abbreviations
An annotated German-English glossary of abbreviations found in ads for housing.

German for Beginners - Contents

English-German Glossaries
All of the annotated glossaries on this site - from aerospace to travel.

German Grammar
All of the grammar resources on this site.

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