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English-German Sports Glossary

Olympic and Sports Vocabulary

Part 1 (A-L)

GLOSSARY > A-L | M-Z
MORE > Sport Names | Fußball/Soccer | Olympics | Sport Quiz

  Noun genders indicated by: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), s (das, neu.)
  Abbreviations: adj. (adjective), n. (noun), v. (verb), pl. (plural), sing. (singular)


A

amateur (n.)  r Amateur, e Amateurin

athlete (n.)  r Athlet/e Athletin, r Sportler/e Sportlerin

athletic, good at sports (adj.)  sportlich

athletics (n., pl.)  e Athletik (sing. only), r Sport (sing. only)

B

badminton  s Badminton
  shuttlecock der Federball

ball  r Ball (r Fußball = soccer ball)

baseball (n.)  r Baseball
  baseball bat  r Baseballschläger
  baseball cap  r Basecap, e Baseballmütze
  (baseball) base  s Mal, s Base
    on second base  auf Mal/Base zwei
  (baseball) batter  r Schlagmann
  (baseball) pitcher  r Werfer, r Pitcher

Baseball, a popular game in the US, Canada, Japan, Cuba and parts of Central America, is a rare game in Germany and Europe. But baseball caps (Basecaps) are very popular there.

basketball  r Basketball

For the names of many different sports (Sportarten), see our Sports Names page.

beach volleyball  r Strandvolleyball

bicycle, bike (n.)  s Fahrrad, s Rad, s Velo (Swiss Ger.)
  motorbike  s Motorrad, e Maschine
  mountain bike  s Mountainbike

blade, runner (on skates, sled)  e Kufe (-n)
  r Kufenstar ice-skating star

bodybuilding  s Muskeltraining, s Bodybuilding

broad jump (n.)  r Weitsprung

C

caddie (n., golf)  r Caddie

championship (n.)  e Meisterschaft (-en)
  European Championship  e Europameisterschaft (EM) (soccer)
  world championship  e Weltmeisterschaft

champion (n.)  r Meister, e Meisterin
  European champion  r Europameister

cleat, spike (on shoe)  r Stollen (-), r Spike (-s)

coach (athletics) (n.)  r Trainer

compete for (a medal) (v.)  kämpfen um (eine Medaille)

cricket (game) (n.)  s Kricket
  cricket bat  s Schlagholz
  cricket match  s Kricketspiel
  cricket pitch  s Kricketfeld

crossbar (goal)  e Torlatte

cycling (n.)  der Radsport, s Radfahren

D

defender (soccer, etc.)  r Verteidiger

defense, defenders  e Verteidigung

do/engage in sports (v.)  Sport treiben
  I do sports/engage in sports.  Ich treibe Sport.
  I do gymnastics.  Ich bin in Gymnastik. / Ich mache Gymnastik.

doping  s Doping

a draw, tied (adj.)  unentschieden

TURIN • TORINO 2006
Olympische Links

E

engage in/do sports  Sport treiben
  She likes to do sports.  Sie treibt Sport gern.

equestrian (rider)  r Reiter, e Reiterin

equestrian event(s)  s Reiten

F

face mask (sports)  e Gesichtsmaske

face-off (ice hockey)  s Bully

fan (of sports)  r Fan, r Sportliebhaber

favorite (adj.) (game, sport)  Lieblings- (s Lieblingsspiel, r Lieblingssport)

fencer (sportr Fechter (-), die Fechterin (-nen)
fencing  s Fechten
  with épées Degen fechten
  with foils Florett fechten
  with sabres Säbel fechten

field, pitch (sports field)  s (Sport)Feld, r (Sport)Platz

final(s), the final round  s Finale, r Endkampf
  semi-finals  s Halbfinale

final lap/race  r Endlauf

finish line  s Ziel, e Ziellinie

finishing tape  s Zielband

football  r Fußball (soccer, European football)

Fußball is often referred to as "König Fußball" (King Soccer) in Germany because of that sport's dominant position over any other Sportart. See the Fußball/Soccer German-English glossary.

English-German
Sports/Olympics Quiz

football (American)  r (amerikanische) Football
football (soccer)  r Fußball

For the names of many different sports (Sportarten), see our Sports Names page.

Formula One (racing)  e Formel-Eins, Formel-1

forward, striker (soccer)  r Stürmer
  See the Fußball/Soccer German-English glossary.

freestyle (swimming) (n.)  r Freistil
  the 400m freestyle  der 400m-Freistil
  freestyle relay (race)  die Freistilstaffel

G

game(s) (n.)  s Spiel(e), r Wettkampf (match, competition)

to go in for (a sport)  (eine Sportart) ausüben, betreiben

goal (soccer, hockey)  s Tor
  score/shoot a goal  ein Tor schiessen

goalie, goalkeeper  r Tormann, r Torwart/e Torwartin, r Torhüter/e Torhüterin

goal post (n.)  r Torpfosten

golf (n.)  s Golf
  golf ball  r Golfball
  golf cap  e Golfmütze
  golf cart  s Golfkart
  golf club  r Golfschläger
  golf course  r Golfplatz
  golfer  r Golfspieler, e Golfspielerin
  golf tournament  s Golfturnier
  (golf) green  s Green

The German word Golf has two meanings and two genders. The masculine form, der Golf means "gulf" in English. The game is das Golf.

good at/in sports, athletic  gut im Sport, sportlich

gymnasium (n.)  e Turnhalle, e Sporthalle

The word gymnasium comes from Greek. A gymnasion was originally a place for physical and mental training. English took the physical side, while German uses the mental meaning. In German, das Gymnasium is an academic secondary school.

gymnastics (n.)  e Gymnastik

gymnastic (adj.)  gymnastisch

gym shoes (n., pl.)  e Turnschuhe

gym suit (n.)  r Trainingsanzug

H

hole (golfe Bahn, s Loch
  on the ninth hole  auf der neunten Bahn
  on the ninth hole  auf dem neunten Loch
  the 17th hole  die 17. Bahn, das 17. Loch

high jump  r Hochsprung

hit (n.)  r Treffer

hit (the ball) (v.)  (den Ball) schlagen (schlug, geschlagen)

hurdles (n., pl.)  r Hürdenlauf (running), s Hürdenrennen (equestrian)

TURIN • TORINO 2006
Olympische Links

I

injury (n.)  e Verletzung

J

javelin (n.)  das Speerwerfen

jog (v.)  joggen (joggte, gejoggt)

jogging suit (n.)  r Jogging-Anzug

jump (n.)  r Sprung
  broad/long jump (n.)  r Weitsprung
  high jump (n.)  r Hochsprung

jump (v.)  springen

K

kick (v.)  kicken (kickte, gekickt)

kick (n.)  r Kick (a kick in soccer, football)

The noun der Kicker/die Kickerin in German refers to a soccer/football player, not just someone playing the position of "kicker." The verb "to kick" can take several forms in German (treten, schlagen). The verb kicken is usually limited to sports.

L

league  e Liga
  German Federal League (soccer)  die Bundesliga

long jump (n.)  r Weitsprung

lose (v.)  verlieren (verlor, verloren)
  We lost (the game).  Wir haben (das Spiel) verloren.

MORE > Sports Vocabulary Part 2: M-Z


Related Pages

Part 2 of this Glossary (M-Z)
More sports terms in English and German.

Fußball/Soccer
An annotated German-English glossary of soccer terms.

Names of Sports
Various sports in English and German.

Olympic Links
Torino 2006, Athens 2004, and earlier Olympic games in English and German.

Sports/Olympics Quiz 1
A self-scoring quiz on Olympic sporting events.

Sports/Olympics Quiz 2
A self-scoring pictogram quiz on Olympic winter events.

The Winter Olympics in German
The 2006 Torino games and the 2002 Winter Olympics am Salzsee.

Sydney 2000: The Olympics in German
About the 2000 Olympic Games in Australia.

More English-German Glossaries
Annotated glossaries on many topics.

Online Dictionaries
German dictionaries and glossaries, including sports-related terms.

German for Beginners
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