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Germanic Surname Lexikon 2

German Last Names with English Meanings

German Surnames - Part 2 (L-Z)
This is the second part of our Germanic surname glossary. For each surname in this glossary we have provided the English meaning, which may or may not be a surname in English. This is not a list of equivalent names, but rather a sampling of English translations or meanings of German names. In many cases, there may be several possible origins or translations for a surname. The translation shown for a surname may not be the only possibility. Some names are derived from Old German and may have a different meaning from that in modern German. Name research is not always an exact science.

Also see: Top 50 German Surnames

You are here:
Genealogy Contents > Surnames Article > Surnames 1 > Surnames 2

Germanic Last Names (L-Z)
With English Meanings
Nachname Last Name English Meaning
L
Lang long
Famous Name: Austrian film director Fritz Lang (1890-1976) produced the silent film classic "Metropolis" (1927) in Germany and later went to Hollywood. Web > Fritz Lang - German-Hollywood Connection
Lehmann/Lemann serf, fief man
Lehrer teacher
Loewe/Lowe lion
Famous Name: Vienna-born composer Frederick "Fritz" Loewe (1901-1988) was part of the musical team of Lerner and Loewe, famous for a series of popular Broadway musicals and films ("Brigadoon," "Camelot," "My Fair Lady," "Gigi"). Web > Frederick Loewe - Songwriters Hall of Fame
Luft air
M
Mahler/Mehler grinder, miller
Maier/Meier/Meyer dairy farmer; landowner
Mauer/Maur wall
Famous Name: The family of Canadian-born rock singer Melissa Auf der Maur (1972- ) comes from Switzerland. Web > Melissa Auf der Maur
Maurer mason
Meister master
Metzger butcher
Meier/Meyer/Maier dairy farmer; landowner
Mueller/Muller miller
Moench/Muench monk
N
Nacht night
Nadel needle
Nagel nail
Naumann/Neumann new man
Neudorf/Neustadt new town (Newton)
Nussbaum nut tree
O
Oster east, Easter
Osterhagen east grove, hedge
Ostermann eastern man
ALSO SEE: German Last Names - More about German family names from your Guide. For the new Duden FAMILIENNAMEN book with the origin and meaning of 20,000 German names see our Books: German Names.
P
Pabst/Papst pope
Pfaff cleric, parson
Pfeffer pepper
Pfeifer/Pfeiffer piper
Probst/Propst provost
R
Reinhard(t) determined
Reiniger cleaner, cleanser, purifier
Richter judge
Ritter knight
Roth red
Rothschild red shield
Rothstein red stone
S
Saenger/Sanger singer
Sankt saint
Schäfer/Schaefer shepherd
Scherer shearer, barber
Schiffer boatman
Schmidt/Schmitt smith
Schneider tailor
Scholz/Schulze mayor
Schreiber scribe, scribner, writer
Schreiner joiner, cabinet maker
Schroeder/Schroder drayman, cart pusher (Carter)
Schuhmacher shoemaker
Schultheiss/Schultz debt broker; mayor
Schulz/Schulze/Scholz mayor
Schuster/Shuster cobbler, shoemaker
Schwab Swabian, from Swabia
Schwartz/Schwarz black
Schweitzer/Schweizer Swiss; dairy man
Seiler roper
Famous Name: Two Seilers > Austrian ski champ and gold medal
winner Tony Seiler (in the 1950s and '60s) and Swiss auto racing driver Toni Seiler (1958- ).
Sommer summer
Strauss bouquet
T
Thalberg valley (and) mountain
Theiss/Theissen form of Matthias
Traugott trust in God
Trommler drummer
U
Unger Hungarian
Urner of Uri (Swiss canton)
V
Vogel bird
Vogler fowler, bird man
Vogt steward
von of (indicates nobility)
W
Waechter warden, watchman
Wagner wagoner, wainwright
Wannemaker basket maker
Weber weaver
Wechsler/Wexler money changer
Weiss/Weisz white/wheat
Famous Name: Did you know that escape artist Harry Houdini (1874-1926) was born Ehrich Weiss (Weiß) in Budapest?
Web > Harry Houdini - PBS
Weissmuller wheat miller
Famous Name: Actor and Olympic swimming champ Johnny Weissmuller (1904-1984) is considered the best movie "Tarzan" of all time.
Web > Weissmuller - German-Hollywood Connection
Werfel/Wurfel die (dice), cube
Winkel corner, angle
Wirth/Wirtz innkeeper, landlord
Wolf/Wulf wolf
Wurfel/Werfel die (dice), cube
Famous Name: The Austrian Franz Werfel (1890-1945) was a novelist (The Song of Bernadette) and poet who had a brief Hollywood career during his California exile years.
Z
Ziegler brick or tilemaker
Zimmer room; short for "carpenter" (below)
Famous Name: Hollywood film music composer Hans Zimmer (1957- ) received an Oscar for his "Lion King" score.
Web > Hans Zimmer - German-Hollywood Connection
Zimmermann/Zimmerman carpenter
Famous Name: Did you know that Bob Dylan was born Robert Zimmerman, or that Ethel Merman's real name was Ethel Zimmerman?
Zweig twig, branch
ALSO SEE: German Last Names - More about German family names from your Guide. For the new Duden FAMILIENNAMEN book with the origin and meaning of 20,000 German names see our Books: German Names.

BACK > Surname Lexikon A-K

MORE > Top 50 German Surnames
MORE > Famous Germans, Austrians, Swiss

You are here:
Genealogy Contents > Surnames Article > Surnames 1 > Surnames 2

Also see > Glossary of German First Names with English meanings


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